Antarctica – Welcome to the white realm
Well, this time we thought to “wear” us in the world of penguins, namely endless lands of Antarctica, the wildlife and the least touched by the hand of man on Earth. Almost 99% of the continent is covered in ice. Average height above sea level is 2500 m and the average temperature is -60 degrees C in the higher ranges and -10 degrees on the coast. Also, Antarctica is one of the most important natural laboratory for scientific research in the world.
Like on Mars
Because of the cold and dry air from the region “Dry Valleys” conditions are similar to those on Mars, and NASA performed tests here for Viking mission. Experts say that in these valleys has not rained for at least two million years. As expected, many creatures do not live here. The most common animal in Antarctica is actually a not flying insect, “Belgica antarctica” with less than 1.3 cm, which lives in the colony of penguins.
Fish here are called “ice fish” and not that have not hemoglobin in blood, but because have a strange color, a white phantom, especially females. Also living in Antarctic waters and blue whales that feed daily for six months a year with four million krill (a kind of small shrimp, invertebrates), which means 4 tons. Antarctica is the best place on earth where you can watch the meteors.
Food in Antarctica
For Antarctica, the body must be prepared both with clothes and with a proper diet, rich in carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fiber and water. Hunger is more often due to low temperatures and intense physical activity such as driving dog sleds, requires 5,000 calories per day.
To break the ice with pickaxe need 6,500 calories a day and those who work in covered stations in Antarctica need 2750 calories per day. Obviously, all Antarctic explorers know what Pemmican is, a mixture of dehydrated ground beef and fat beef, which provides a great meal. To survive, it is important to have ankles, wrists and head well covered.