Flourishing cities that have become ruins
There were lost cities, were prosperous, had a lot of people, have entered in a period of decline, have disappeared and later their location was forgotten. Most of these real ancient cities were later discovered by archaeologists and their culture and civilization have been intensively studied by scientists. Read the following lines to find out which were the largest and most prominent missing five cities.
Machu Picchu (Peru)
Machu Picchu was a city at 2430 meters altitude on the mountain ridge which overshadows Urubama Valley from Peru. The best symbol of the Inca Empire. It was built around 1450 and was abandoned 100 years later, when the empire was conquered by Spain.
Angkor means “city” or “capital” in Khmer and was the capital of Khmer Empire, Cambodia that had arisen today. Empire reached at maximum flowering between IX and XV centuries and for 600 years was the spiritual, economic and cultural center of South Asian world. It is the largest religious monument in the world, and its ruins are located near the town of Siam Reap. Latest research shows that the city covers an area of 3000 square kilometers and housed 500,000 inhabitants. His disappearance occurred after a natural disaster due to overpopulation, deforestation and flooding.
Memphis was the capital of the ancient Egyptian empire to its foundation and until 2200 b.c. The ancient name of Egyptian city was Ineb Hedj and according to the writings of Herodotus, was founded around 3100 BC of Menes, uniting the two kingdoms of Egypt.
Petra (“fortress”) is the slope of Mount Hor in the basin that stretches along the valley of the shadow of mountains which connects the Dead Sea and Bay of Aqaba. It is famous for its rock structures carved in the mountain. It was discovered in 1812 by explorer Johan Ludwig Burchardt.
Palmyra was an important city in ancient Syria. Has long been an important stopover for travelers crossing the Syrian desert, the desert known as the Bridge. It came under Roman rule in the mid first century, and during the next Arab citizens of the city’s rich traditions borrowed from both Greeks and Romans and from Iranians.
As we know, the city of Pompeii was completely destroyed by an eruption of the Vesuvius volcano in 79 AD. It was completely covered in ash and was lost for 1700 years until its accidental discovery from 1748. Subsequent excavations the discoveries of this city have provided a lot of details about the culture and civilization of a city flourishing period of the Roman Empire.