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The difference between probiotics and prebiotics.

Both prebiotics and probiotics are important for maintaining healthy gut bacteria, collectively referred to as the gut flora or gut microbiota. However, they have different roles.

Probiotics are live bacteria in certain foods or supplements that can provide numerous health benefits to the gut when consumed. Examples of foods that contain probiotics include fermented foods like yogurt and sauerkraut.UFABET

Meanwhile, prebiotics are high fiber foods that serve as “food” for probiotics, allowing them to function properly and effectively. Examples of prebiotic foods are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Benefits of probiotics and prebiotics.

The good bacteria in your digestive tract help protect you from harmful bacteria and fungi. A 2022 research article on gut bacteria and health confirms that a wide variety of this good type of bacteria can aid in immune system functions and help address obesity, among other benefits.

Another 2019 literature review suggests that they can also help improve symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Additionally, some gut bacteria form vitamin K and short-chain fatty acids, which are the main nutrient source of the cells lining the colon.

They promote a strong gut barrier that helps keep out harmful substances, viruses, and bacteria. This also helps reduce inflammation and may reduce the risk of cancer.

Probiotics can help support the composition of bacteria in your gut. And may even help increase the amount of beneficial bacteria and decrease the number of harmful ones. Meanwhile, prebiotics can give the probiotics the fuel they need to work.